Vineeth N Balasubramanian


Our group’s research interests lie at the intersection of the theory and application of machine learning - with a focus on applications in computer vision. With a strong interest in the mathematical fundamentals and a passion for real-world application, our group aims on being at the forefront of the field, by carrying out impactful research in the areas of deep learning, machine learning and computer vision, guided by application contexts derived from real-world use.

Keywords: Deep Learning, Machine Learning, Computer Vision, Optimization, Agriculture, Autonomous Navigation

Our problems of interest in recent times have focused on:

  • Learning with limited supervision (or) Label-efficient learning: This includes problems such as zero-shot learning, few-shot learning, continual learning, active learning, domain adaptation, domain generalization

  • Explainable machine/deep learning: This includes problems on use of causality in machine learning, adversarial and attributional robustness, disentanglement of latent variables

We are also broadly interested in the theoretical understanding of deep learning, and making deep neural networks faster (to train and test), as well as smaller.

From an application standpoint, problems of our recent interest include:

  • Agriculture: Plant phenotyping using computer vision

  • Drone-based vision: Detection of objects from drone imagery, as well as low-resolution imagery

  • Autonomous navigation: adding levels of autonomy to driving vehicles in developing countries, focusing on India

  • Human behavior understanding: Detection of emotions, human poses, gestures, etc of the human body using images and videos

This interview featured in the IEEE Signal Processing Newsletter (Feb 2021 issue) also describes our ongoing research efforts.

Ongoing Projects (Selected)

  • Learning with Limited Labeled Data: Solving the Next Generation of Machine Learning Problems (DST-JSPS Indo-Japan Collaborative Research program)

  • Learning with Weak Supervision for Autonomous Vehicles (Funded by Intel and SERB IMPRINT program)

  • Explainable Machine Learning (Funded by MHRD, DST and Honeywell through the MHRD UAY program)

  • Deep Generative Models: Going Beyond Supervised Learning (Funded by Intel)

  • Towards Next-Generation Deep Learning: Faster, Smaller, Easier (Funded by DST/SERB)

  • Deep Learning for Agriculture (A DST-JST SICORP Collaborative Project with Univ of Tokyo, IIT-B, IIIT-H, and PJTSAU)

  • Non-convex Optimization and Deep Learning (Funded by Intel PhD Fellowship and SERB MATRICS program)

  • Object Detection in Unconstrained Settings, including Drone Images and Low-resolution Thermal Images (Funded by MeitY, DRDO and IBM)

My past research focused extensively on the use of machine learning and computer vision in assistive technology applications. Please see this link for past/completed projects.


We are grateful to the following organizations whose support sustains our research.

Funding Organizations